The government found it necessary to ration food, gas, and even clothing during that time. It still cost money, but you couldnt even buy it unless you had stamps. One episode of the delightful british miniseries foyles war addressed the crime sparked by rationing there. Make it do rationing of canned goods in world war ii. Rationing is the controlled distribution of scarce resources, goods, or services, or an artificial restriction of demand. Each stamp was illustrated with a military symbol such as a naval ship, airplane, tank, gun, horn of plenty or torch of liberty, adding a patriotic flair. Ration book four was printed in red, blue and green. The weekly food ration for two people, uk, 1943 this photograph shows the amounts of butter, milk, bacon, lard, sugar, cheese, tea and jam received by two people per week in britain. This meant planning meals carefully, being creative with menus, and not wasting food.
Records from war ration books for genealogy world war two. Every american was entitled to a series of war ration books filled with stamps that could be used to buy restricted items along with payment, and within weeks of. The events on december 7, 1941 catapulted the united states into world war ii. Sep, 2017 the events on december 7, 1941 catapulted the united states into world war ii. It is interesting to note that some cookbooks published during the war featured sugarless recipes so home cooks could more easily comply with the rationing program. Mar 08, 2018 food items during wwii, usa, alfred t. There is a note on the back of the book that reads. These ration books were issued to doris and montague corri. But it was the shortages of various types of food that affected just about everyone on a daily basis. The opa accepted ration book applications and issued ration books, from which consumers tore out stamps in order to purchase food and other supplies at grocery stores. The first war ration stamps given out were for sugar. Families were given a ration book and they could only buy their ration from certain, local shops.
They were then not allowed to buy any more of it until the following week. The war ration stamps are very common and the demand for them in the collectors circle is not very high. What is the value of world war 2 ration books with all the. You had to have ration stamps to buy things at the store. Ask anyone who remembers life on the home front during world war ii about their strongest memories and chances are they will tell you about rationing. Students will read and apply information about rationing during world war ii. A person reaches for a can of orange juice from a grocery shelf during world war ii, february 1943. Green and blue stamps were used for processed foods such as canned and bottled fruits, juice, vegetables, soup, baby food, frozen food, spreads and dried foods. In britain, during the first world war, 1914 to 1918, queues for food had become dangerously long. Since automobiles were continuously needed on battlegrounds and so were their parts, the local consumption had to be reduced. Rationing controls the size of the ration, which is one persons allotted portion of the resources being distributed on a particular day or at a particular time. Ration books world war ii 1943 1945 description this small collection consists of world war ii ration books and related information issued between 1943 and 1945.
Other meat value of 1 shilling and 2 pence equivalent to 2 chops cooking fat 4 oz. Civilians first received ration bookswar ration book number one, or the sugar bookon 4 may 1942,11 through more than 100,000 schoolteachers, pta groups, and other volunteers. May 05, 2017 7 responses to make it do sugar rationing in world war ii rick barry may. Ration book four also introduced red and blue cardboard tokens, each valued at onepoint, to be used as change for ration coupon purchases. Records from war ration books for genealogy world war. Covering all the major food groups emergency and special rations, schokakola, the supply system and wartime packaging materials and construction this book is a must for. Before the war, britain imported 55 million tons of food, a month after the war had started this figure had dropped to 12 million. All store items had a price marked as well as a ration book stamp requirement. Rationing of food lasted for 14 years and ended on july 4, 1954. Sugar, butter, and meat were rationed, but that was only a start. Rationing was introduced temporarily by the british government several times during the 20th century, during and immediately after a war at the start of the second world war in 1939, the united kingdom was importing 20 million long tons of food per year, including about 70% of its cheese and sugar, almost 80% of fruit and about 70% of cereals and fats. As a matter of fact, when a gallup poll on march 5, 1943, asked americans, do you understand how the food point rationing system works. They had to register and buy their food from their chosen.
Relying mainly on wartime german and american references, most unknown to the general public, this book dispels the many myths associated with german rations of world war ii. War ration books three and four book three became active in september 1943, but was replaced by book four on november 1, 1943. Two world war ii war ration book four with stampsissued houston texas. Make offer two world war ii war ration book four with stampsissued houston texas. Your first ration book has been issued to you, originally containing 28 war ration stamps. The ration books contained removable stamps good for certain rationed items, like sugar, meat, cooking oil, and canned goods. Rationing began on 8th january 1940 when bacon, butter and sugar were rationed. In wartime england, sugar and many other goods were rationed, and this gave rise to a black market for goods in demand. These photos captured what happened when the united states. The ration book became the key to survival for nearly every household in britain. See more ideas about wwii, ration stamp and wartime recipes. Food and consumer goods edit civilians first received ration bookswar ration book number one, or the sugar book on 4 may 1942, through more than 100,000 schoolteachers, pta groups, and other volunteers. What is the value of war ration book four with stamps. The british population emerged healthier than it had ever been before, and families had been educated in putting nutritional, frugal meals on their tables.
A bas relief panel on the world war ii memorial in washington, d. The system was simplified on february 27, 1944, when all stamps became worth ten points, and plastic tokens were issued as change. This meant families were only allowed a small amount each. Food rationing childrens british history encyclopedia. Around 1939, when world war ii began, the united kingdom imported twothirds of its food, all of which had to be shipped over oceans teeming with german uboats. Jan 31, 20 the small coins introduced in 1944 were used by retailers to give change back for food bought with ration stamps. The small coins introduced in 1944 were used by retailers to give change back for food bought with ration stamps. You see, the war caused shortages of all sorts of things. World war ll ration book printable pdf teaching history. The war production board ordered an end to local sales of automobiles in 1942. Cards indicating ration points required for various canned foods helped americas wartime. World war 2 ration books the war ration was not very high. Ration book used during world war ii with sheets of stamps inserted in the middle. This is an original world war ii united states ration book, printed in 1943.
Booklets were consolidated from diverse donations in the past. Britain would do better during the second world war, 1939 to 1945. Four different series of war ration books were issued. Chief among these alterations was the introduction of food rationing in 1942. This world war ii resource includes 48 task cards related to the major people, events and themes of world war ii.
These ration booklets contained various small stamps which had no cash value, but were required to purchase food items for example four stamps for each pound of ground beef or five stamps for a bag of sugar. Rationing was not only one of those ways, but it was a way americans contributed to the war effort. Yes, ration book two like war ration book one now used for sugar and coffee may be used by any member of the household to whom the book is issued. Rationing in the us was introduced in stages during world war ii. World war ii ration coupon collection date 19421946 creator united states. In where treetops glisten, my main character, meredith, is a nurse on. On 8 january 1940, bacon, butter and sugar were rationed.
Every member of the public was issued with a ration book. Any member of the family may use all the familys ration books. World war ii ration books bridgeport history center. During the second world war, americans were asked to make sacrifices in many ways. Every american was issued a series of ration books during the war. Palmer for office of war information, march 1943 universal history archiveuig via getty. Collection consists of ration coupons, stickers, permits, and certificates for tires, bicycles, typewriters, sugar, shoes, fuel oil, gasoline, and food which were issued by the office of price administration between 19421946. Ration books one through four food preparation, newspaper, tennessee, trade, transportation, wwii making an exception to my pre1922 only rule, here are some high quality scans of u. On the home front during world war ii, all families in the united states were affected by food rationing.
Students will brainstorm ways to extend the family budget by engaging in activities supporting the war efforts. Youll notice that they change slightly throughout the war. April 1943 united states office of war information, overseas picture division. Jun 24, 2019 interesting question, since i have some as family heirlooms, meaning they are not for sale. War ration book five undated mileage ration coupons, undated box1, folder4 containers description dates box folder 1 4 item 1. Mileage certificate undated world war ii rationing stamps program, 19431946. Mar 23, 2007 ration books became a way of life for everyone at home during world war ii. War ration book four book 4 introduced julyaugust 1943. More than 8,000 ration boards across the country administered the program. World war ii food rationing was implemented to ensure that rich or poor, all americans would be able to get the same amount of foods that were in short supply.
Jul 28, 2010 covering all the major food groups emergency and special rations, schokakola, the supply system and wartime packaging materials and construction this book is a must for every serious collector and historian of the german military in world war ii. With not a single person unaffected by the war, rationing meant sacrifices for all. Guide to the world war ii ration coupon collection, 1942. The first two images explain how ration books were to be used. Palmer for office of war information, march 1943 universal history archiveuig via getty images rationing was a fact of life during world war ii. Going grocery shopping and cooking may be a chore, but not like it was during world war ii. The war ration stamps are very common and the demand for them in the collectors circle is. Food rationing and canning in world war ii national womens. By 1942 many other foodstuffs, including meat, milk, cheese, eggs and cooking fat were also on the ration. A person could not buy a rationed item without also giving the grocer the right ration stamp. German submarines attacked many of the ships that brought food to britain. Points were given for rationed foods, and each family needed rationing stamps in order to buy rationed foods. Blue point world war ii opa ration tokens lot of 6. Examples of books 1 through 4 are represented with many different names associated with the booklets.
Pricing depends on rarity, and they get more value, the more provenance you can document tying it to particular families, particular persons, and so on. On august 15, 1945, world war ii gas rationing was ended on the west coast of the united states. Oct 10, 2017 the weekly food ration for two people, uk, 1943 this photograph shows the amounts of butter, milk, bacon, lard, sugar, cheese, tea and jam received by two people per week in britain. Ration books became a way of life for everyone at home during world war ii. A series of four books were given out in the united states, and on the back of each was the slogan, if you dont need it, dont buy it. With the onset of world war ii, numerous challenges confronted the american people. The government was always able to honour all ration coupons, and food prices during the war rose by only 20%. The following is a set of instructions that came with every ration book. Interesting question, since i have some as family heirlooms, meaning they are not for sale. In 1942, five months after december 8, 1941 the united states entered the second world war, book one series were. The countrys entrance into the war meant many changes on the home front. World war ii was the most expensive war in history. What is the value of war ration book four with stamps inside.
Ration books had descriptions of the owner of the book, including height, weight, eye color and age. Ration books of world war ii arizona historical society. A look at rationing during world war ii norman rockwell. The office of price administration opa was in charge of rationing consumer goods such as sugar, coffee, shoes, household appliances, and other goods during world war ii.1029 688 217 890 1485 352 648 1467 1511 434 1479 672 1616 1656 870 313 392 216 1099 539 156 1383 241 114 298 81 21 740 134 1414 1051 387 285 420 1074 836 396 1444 914 1080 859 1369