A higher number correlates to a lower tolerance and a higher precision. Assumes the required output current to be negligible. Heres how you use the color code to figure out the nominal value of the resistor refer to the figure. E12 resistor pack 14 watt 5% 350 pcs 70 values 10 to 5. The electronic industries association eia, and other authorities, specify standard values for resistors, sometimes referred to as the preferred value system. This page was last edited on 1 novemberat the preferred value system has its origins in the early years of the last century at a time when most resistors were carbongraphite with relatively poor manufacturing tolerances. But i remember the most common values simply through constant exposure. The num ber series under the 10 % column is known as the e12 series because there are 12 standard values within a decade range. The next is the e6 series with six values in each decade for a 20% tolerance, e12 series with 12 values in each decade for a 10%, e24 series with 24 values in each decade for a 5% tolerance. Generally, 5% tolerance resistors are available in e24 and 1% resistors in e96, but this is not a hard and fast rule. It is a good practise to specify resistors from a low series when tolerance requirements are not high. This means that you can always find an e12 resistor value within 10% of your required value. The cost of running this website is covered by advertisements.
These preferred values are derived from an exponential function, so they are known as e series e6, e12, e24 and e96, whose values are given in appendix a. The values are as follows and note there are 24 values per column or decade, hence e24. Eia standard resistor values stackpole electronics, inc. These standard resistor values are those which can be bought. Since some values in the e24 series do not exist in the e48, e96 and e192 series, resistor manufacturers have added the missing e24 values to some of their 1%, 0. Other ranges of resistors such as the e6 and e24 ranges cover wide ranges of values in a similar way and have tolerance values of 20% and 5% respectively. How to memorize the standard resistor values quora. The e6 range has 6 values, and the e24 range 24 values per decade. It consists of the e3e6e12e24e48e96 and e series, where the number after the e designates the quantity of value steps in each series. Resistor values e6 e12 e24 e48 e96 e it should be noted that some values in the e24 series dont exist in e48 to e series. Calculates resistors of the voltage divider network automatically.
But i am not sure how i would work out the resistor value if i didnt have a multimeter or the label. As i understand, this can be read as brown, brown, black, black brown. Three more resistors circuit is often combined to divide a voltage to branch a current. Dcrcw e3 standard thick film chip resistors datasheet pdf. Resistor value and ratio calculator nightshade electronics.
This can be useful when trying to find a matching resistor value when having done some electronics calculations and youre looking for a particular value. Each series denotes the number of different values in a decade. It should be noted that some values in the e24 series dont exist in e48 to e series. What is the difference between the e12 and e24 resistor. Standard series values in a decade for resistances and capacitances e3 to e192 according to iec 60063 e192 e96 e48 e192 e96 e48 e192 e96 e48 e192 e96 e48 e24 e12 e6 e3 100 100 100 178 178 178 316 316 316 562 562 562 10 10 10 10 101 180 320 569 11 102 102 182 182 324 324 576 576 12 12 104 184 328 583. Below 100 ohms or above 1k, the series simply repeats. Standard resistor values 5% standard capacitor values 10%. If you are not able to find the exact value of resistor that you have calculated for your circuit, then you have to select the next coming value of resistor that you have calculated. This allows easier purchasing migration between different tolerance parts.
If there is no tolerance band, then find the side that has. The tolerance band on a resistor indicates the spread of possible values of any particular resistor, for example a resistor marked as 47k. Use of standard values is encouraged because stocking progr ams are designed around them. It consists of the e3, e6, e12, e24, e48, e96 and e192 series, where the. Standard resistance values for the 10 to 100 decade also usable in decade multiples or submultiples e192 e96 e24 e12 e6 e192 e96 e24 e12 e6 e192 e96 e24 e12 e6 e192 e96 e24 e12 e6 e192 e96 e24 e12 e6 0. In this video is explained what eseries and standard values for resistors are and how to use them. Eseries values standard series values in a decade for. Resistors passive devices contents quick reference of resistance range. Usually, the colored band at one end is closer to that end than is. Generally, resistors come in standard values such as e6, e12, e24, e48, e96, and e192.
D3 thick film chip resistors standard series compact chip resistors mcr series. All standard resistor values can be found in the table below. If you like it please feel free to a small amount of money to. Resistors are available in a number of standard ranges, often called preferred values these ranges, or series, are set out by the electronic industries association eia, and are e3, e6, e12, e24, e48, e96 and e192. The resistance of resistors often follows the e series. Other eia standards define the values for other tolerance ranges. This tool find the optimum set of r1,r2rn resistors for a desired ra value from a close resistor value as even as combining resistances. Often designs try to keep to the e3 or e6 standard resistor values, only using those in the e12, e24, e48 or e96 if absolutely necessary. When resistor is to be exposed to a transient load excessive large load,such as pulse, mount the resistor on your product and check the condition and evaluate the result. To simplify resistor manufacture, handling, purchase and circuit design, resistor values are arranged into standard resistor values known as the e series. This is a simple online calculator for color band resistor marking, inductor color band marking, ceramic or tantalum capacitor 3 digit marking and smd resistor 3digit, 4digit, 10%, 5%, 2% and eia96 e96 1% tolerance code marking. They still can be found in vintage radios, old amplifiers, etc. The name e24 comes from the fact that there are 24 values per decade of resistance. The 120 ohm resistor has a value ranging between 110 and ohms.
For example some low value 1% resistors are available in e12 only. Values for resistors in these series are given below. Variable resistor values available at jameco electronics. Two decades of e12 values, which would give resistor values of 1. Find my resistorstandard resistor values matching tool. Using standard resistor values can greatly impact the accuracy and predictability of a circuit by eliminating rounding errors incurred at the end of the design. The e series consists of the e3, e6, e12, e24, e48, e96 and e192 series. Get same day shipping, find new products every month, and feel confident with our low price guarantee. Until fairly recently, 10% tolerance resistors were the norm, but today, 5% e24 resistors seem to be the most commonly used. Constant application of a voltage above the rated voltage will degrade the performance and reliabillity of the resistor. Or it can be read as brown, black, black, brown, brown. It requires an external resistor for the 3 rd overtone selection. E12 series resistor color code examples hobby hour.
As you can see in the chart, e24 values are nicely spaced between 100 and 1k ohms. You want to find the e24 e48e96 resistor value that is closest to a given exact value programmatically using python. The eia preferred values or standard resistor values can be summarised in a tabular form to give the different values within each decade. The e12 range with its 10% tolerance therefore has 12 values per decade. This calculator will select the closest standard resistor value, from 1% 5% or 10% standard eia values, calculates the error, and prints out a table of the standard values for the given tolerance. The basic difference is that the e24 have extra values between those of the e12. The number after the e denotes the number of values. D2 classleading compact tsize chip resistors rasmid m series ultracompact chip resistors smr 003. P623 865 ic marking e5500 pl62338 2 pin 4 mhz oscillator text. Standard series values in a decade for resistances and. Successive values within a decade series are related approximately by a factor of for the e12 series, for the e24 series, for the e96 series and for the e192 series. Successive values within a decade series are related approximately by a factor.
There are four more or less commonly used resistor series, with 12, 24, 48, and 96 values per decade, respectively. If you need a nonstandard resistor value you could probably realize a close match using two resistor. Preferred values there are a number of different ranges of values for resistors. They take into account the manufacturing tolerance and are chosen such that there is a minimum overlap between the upper possible value of the first value in the series and the lowest possible value of the next. Youll find the values for the e6, e12, e24, e48, e96 and e192 series or preferred resistor values in this table. I was so surprised that i stopped what i was doing and learned how the eseries of standard resistor values were determined. If you use two resistor in series it is quite easy to figure out which values give the best match.
Although there are online tools available for this task, it is often useful to be able to integrate scriptable functions into custom software. Eia standard resistor values by tolerance% move the decimal point to achieve the actual value desired. Following this logic, the preferred values for 10% tolerance resistors between 100 and 1,000 ohms would be 100, 120, 150, 180, 220, 270, 330 and so on rounded appropriately. The e6 series resistor values are also widely used within the industry. Selecting resistor values traditionally has been a manual process where the calculated value is matched to a real value. They are commonly available from component suppliers.1533 542 218 276 799 891 1266 233 1070 254 18 1360 356 651 214 827 587 926 508 107 1188 774 1283 693 696 84 1241 266 135 502 411 81 1111 449